American entry into World War II in 1941 renewed American animosity toward Germans. European immigrants in the United States have largely dwindled in number since 1960, after historically making up the bulk of immigration to the country. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1952. There were already thousands of Germans in the American colonies at the time of the Revolution, the largest number in Pennsylvania were known as "Pennsylvania Dutch." All of the Irish and many of the Germans were Roman Catholic. 1856 - Margaretha Meyer Schurz, a German immigrant and wife of Carl Schurz, established the first kindergarten in America at Watertown, Wisconsin. 1850s - Nearly one million Germans immigrated to America in this decade, one of the peak periods of German immigration; in 1854 alone, 215,000 Germans arrived in this country. *Immigrants who obtained legal permanent resident status in the United States. Known as Hessians because most of them were from the German state of Hesse, as many as 30,000 German mercenaries may have fought for Great Britain, and they may have constituted as many as one-third of all British combat troops in the Revolutionary War. After the war ended in 1865, German immigration continued to rise at a rate faster than that of any other immigrant group into the early twentieth century. As a result, German-Americans attempted to shed the vestiges of their heritage and become fully “American.”. Indeed, over the years, they had been viewed as a well-integrated and esteemed part of American society. During the 1850s, they had formed their own abolition societies and the German-language press railed against slavery. About 70 percent of all immigrants came in through New York City and it was known as the "Golden Door." Many Germans who fought for the Union brought considerable military experience. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006. recent questions recent answers. An ironic aspect of the war was the fact that the supreme Allied military commander and future president of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower was himself of German descent. These immigrants were of various religions and came from Southern and Eastern Europe and China. New York: Facts On File, 2004. Report broken link Italians were no longer dirty brutes living in tenements. of a million Germans entered this country. During the war, former U.S. president Theodore Roosevelt went as far as to say neutrality was not an option and dual loyalty could not exist. They were linguistically different than other groups, and … Some German language newspapers continued to be published in the United States, for example the California Staats-Zeitung. The History of the United States' Golden Presidential Dollars, How the COVID-19 Pandemic Has Changed Schools and Education in Lasting Ways. Also language. Though fewer German immigrants of that time were farmers, as late as 1900 most American farmers were of German ancestry. Despite the U.S.'s long history of immigration, nativist sentiments among American politicians date as far back as the 1700's. This development was aided by growing American distrust of the Soviet Union and the beginning of the Cold War. In Davenport some German books were burned. More Americans claim to be descendants of German immigrants than those of any other ethnic group. Ed Falco says recalling the hostilities that faced Italian immigrants in the 19th century is instructive to an America that remains suspicious of new arrivals even today By the mid-eighteenth century, Pennsylvania’s approximately 50,000 German immigrants made up about 40 percent of the colony’s entire population. Steubenville, Ohio, was later named in his honor. 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